Today, on 125th birth Anniversary of Jawaharlal Nehru, we present to you some of the lesser known facts while trying to be a accurate as possible.
So, was he the greatest diplomat India had, the man who laid the foundation of what we call today the idea of a secular socialist India.. or was he an utter and complete failure that took our nation to shambles ? You be the judge.
1) The leaders in working committee voted in favour of Patel to be the first PM of India. But Nehru threw a tantrum. Earlier, Motilal had pushed Gandhi for Nehru''s name for the post. Gandhi budged and Patel never resisted. This is how Nehru came to be our first PM.2) Nehru had ambitions for a Nobel peace prize; so much that he prevented the nation from building up a large vicious army that India could have. Instead he chose to go for treaties with China without any parity or muscle to keep China from breaking those treaties.
3) He always favored a non-concluded report regarding Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. He feared that if Netaji is alive then he may have to abdicate his PM post in Netaji''s favour. He had written a letter to British PM Clements Atlee informing him of Netaji''s whereabouts (Nehru''s words: "..I understand from most reliable source that Subhash Chandra Bose, your war criminal, has been allowed to enter Russian territory by Stalin."). He never got to conclude the commission''s report on Netaji.
4) Subhash Chandra Bose & Shyama Prasad Mukherjee were competitors for the post of PM of India and both of them died mysterious deaths. In 2004 AB Vajpayee alleged that Shyama Prasad Mookerjee was killed in 1953 as part of a ''conspiracy'' between the then Jawaharlal Nehru-led Central government and Jammu and Kashmir government.
5) Partition happened because of indecisiveness of the leadership India had at that time. Nehru being a top leader, is largely attributed with the partition.Some say the love triangle between Lord Mountbatten, His wife Edwina and Nehru was also to blame for this. When parted, they wrote to each other constantly - and Edwina made no attempt to keep the letters secret from her husband. The British acted under American interests. America wanted Pakistan so as to have a base in the South East Asia.
6) He came out as a complete goof up on the Kashmir issue and despite Sardar Patel''s efforts the damage was done. Thanks to Nehru who took the issue to UN for no reason, the J&K issue stays unresolved till date. Nehru is also largely responsible for the plight of Tibetans as he blindly obeyed Chinese during his ''Hindi-Chini bhai bhai'' days.
7) It was Nehru who got article 370 for state of Jammu & Kashmir - an article which gives a special status to J&K and keeps it from integrating with rest of the nation. Ambedekar was opposed to this article but Nehru persisted.
8) After colonial rule when the government was deciding upon Commander in Chief of Indian Army , he suggested that a british officer be appointed for the job as Indians do not have xperience for it. A statement for which he was reprimanded by Lt General Nathu Singh Rathore who said "Why not get PM from britain as well, as we''ve no experience of governance either".
9) Even after the British left, Nehru willingly handed over the control of India''s defence and security to the British. It was on Mountbatten''s advice that Nehru took Kashmir to UN. It was the British interests that stopped India from making full use of its military strength to throw out Pakistani forces from J&K or to attack Pakistan in 1947-48.
10) Before 1962 China war,reports were suggesting of a possible Chinese Army advancement at least 6 months to a year in advance as some believe, but Nehru didn''t find it necessary to consult army top brass for their minimum requirement & procurement of arms and ammunition which may have kept the state war ready. This in fact might have discouraged China from its misadventurism altogether.
11) After the war when he was in the parliament, he tried to belittle the loss of Askai Chin by saying "not even a blade of grass grows there". Upon this statement, a fellow parliamentarian Mahaveer Tyagi got up and said "Even your head doesn''t have any hair growing upon it, should I give it to the enemy ?"
12) On Economic front he followed a failed socialist communist model of Russia. What the economists called a ''Hindu Model of growth''. Why ? because they were in charge and they can call anything by any name, that''s why!
13) He took utmost care never to lose his secular credentials. Ambedkar proposed total transfer of Muslims to Pakistan in 1947 but Nehru refused to act giving birth to ''Secularism''. Even after the end of colonial rule, every time he took a decision which can apply to minorities, he would plead to minority leaders for it.It was in trying to appease them that he started the appeasement policies which Congress and mostly all poltical parties follow till date.
14) One of the biggest example of his pseudo-secularism and appeasement policy would be the Uniform Civil code. He deliberately introduced the Hindu Code in place of UCC. This bill was, as the name suggests, just for Hindus and never for minorities.
15) Nehru awarded BharatRatna to himself in 1955 soon after it was introduced (Bharat Ratna award was constituted on Jan 2nd, 1954). Nehru was PM during that time and the names for Bharat Ratna are recommended by the PM him/herself to the President of India.
16) What seemed like an entire nation excited to celebrate his birthday, was actually a a pomp and show in his honour done at taxpayer''s expense. During colonial times when Nehru was in jail, he arranged 5 Star facilities for himself through an ICS officer, officer was later promoted to high position in Nehru''s PMO. Ram Manohar Lohia said in 1963 "daily expense of PM Nehru is Rs 25,000 in a country where the majority lives on 25 paise a day".
17) Nehru was reluctant to the idea of unification of Hyderabad province with India. Pandit Nehru wanted to refer the Hyderabad issue also to the U.N. as he had done in the case of Kashmir- that too against the advice of Patel.But for Patel''s efforts of unification, India would have been in splinters. Our subcontinent would have been a chaos of small rival states fighting among each other.
18) It''s said that as early as in 56 or 58 India was offered N- Technology & all other help thereto, by US, but Nehru choose to be known as Socialist rather than Capitalist friendly. Had he accepted then, India could have tested its first N-test as early as 60s.
19) India was offered a permanent seat on the council 55 years ago, in 1955. But that offer, made by the United States and the Soviet Union, was declined by India''s first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. Nehru said the seat should be given to China instead. (Nehru later denied having received any such offer though)
20) Biggest failure of Nehru of course remains the legacy of mental slavery that he left behind. He gave premier educational institutions to the nation but filled them with communists and socialists of every kind. The history books, the educational curriculum, the arts and cinema and mediums of mass communication were levereged to destroy the majority way of life, i.e. Hinduism. The propaganda which continues till date. Unconfirmed:It is believed that he was responsible for the death of Chandrashekhar Azad, as Azad went to see Nehru in his residence the day he died. Soon after he left Nehru''s house, he was ambushed by the police in Alfred Park (Allahabad).
Some References1) http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Motilal-pushed-for-son-Jawahar-as-Congress-chief-in-letter-to-Bapu/articleshow/45141519.cms2) http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/Nehru+was+nominated+for+Nobel+peace+prize+11+times/1/17571.html3) http://www.ivarta.com/columns/OL_060603.htm4) http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Nehru-conspiracy-led-to-Shyama-Prasads-death-Atal/articleshow/768217.cms5) -- Read Jawant Sing''s book ''Jinnah: India, Partition, Independence''6) http://pragmatic.nationalinterest.in/2008/02/17/nehrus-lofty-morals-in-kashmir/7) http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074083.001.0001/acprof-9780198074083-chapter-38) http://www.scribd.com/doc/36946873/nathusingh9) http://www.tribuneindia.com/2002/20020512/spectrum/book3.htm10) http://www.harvard-yenching.org/sites/harvard-yenching.org/files/featurefiles/Ramachandra%20Guha_Jawaharlal%20Nehru%20and%20China.pdf http://books.google.co.in/books?id=BpSRwC5_EPUC11) books.google.co.in/books?id=K3cCUONEg30C&pg=PA52012) http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1941nehru.html13) PAKISTAN OR THE PARTITION OF INDIA BY Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Chapter VI, part III (http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00ambedkar/ambedkar_partition/206.html#part_3)14) http://www.rediff.com/news/2002/may/21arvind.htm http://www.bhavans.info/periodical/bj_selection25b.asp15)--16) --17) http://blog.lkadvani.in/blog-in-english/dr-munshi%E2%80%99s-historic-letter-to-pandit-nehru-vp-menon-calls-it-%E2%80%98a-masterpiece%E2%80%9918) http://members.tripod.com/~no_nukes_sa/precis.html 19) http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/11/08/AR2010110800495_2.html?hpid=topnews&sid=ST2010110402773 20) --
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