Mr. Murali Chemuuari is working as a freelance consultant and a trainer on IT and management to companies in India and USA. He has written 6 books on topics like software development and engineering. After what he terms as a divine experience he took a two and a half years break to dedicated effort to translate Ramayana from Sanskrit to English and another six months re-reading and editing it.
He believes that books help you to learn to live a righteous and meaningful life and the three Indian epics stand out in this context, they are Ramayana, Maha Bhaaratha and Bhaagavatha. All those who are interested in righteous living, and other interpretations of righteousness besides their own, should read this book.
It’s the story of individuals who were hero and heroine in their own right and the way they conducted their lives in adversity and still stayed true to their beliefs. For all those that are looking for great people to emulate, this book certainly is a candidate.
Also to be found in this book are some profound truths and management aspects applicable even in today’s organizations. “I felt that I could have benefitted a great deal if I read it when I was much younger. I strongly feel that if this book is read in the youth of life, the person would be very successful in all aspects of his/her life”
In this article we share some amazing facts which not only show some astonishing incidences in the Ramayana but also highlights the accuracy of Ramayana, extent and technical advancement of our culture like, the Construction material and location of the Ram Setu etc.
Location or Shri Ram Sethu
In Sarga 4,Kishkindha Kaanda it was stated that Ram reached the sea at Mahindra Mountain. In Sarga 21 it was mentioned that Ram worshipped the sea at that place. It can be concluded that he might have built a small temporary temple there and it is claimed that the Rameswaram temple is the same temple. The Sthala Purana (the history of the place) at Rameswaram says that Ram Constructed the Setu from that place. (Sthala Purana is the history of the place. It is unknown who wrote it but each of the temple towns have Sthala Puraanas which are generally accepted as authentic.)
Ramayana mentions the mountain of Mahindra on the Indian side and the mountain of Lamba on the Sri Lankan side. In Rameshwaram there is a small hill, on other side also there is a small hill and these could be the mentioned mountains whose height have reduced due to rising sea levels. The rising sea level has also submerged the Setu which was a walkable bridge at one time.
In the Yudha Kaanda. In Sarga 22 Sagara, the embodiment of the sea appeared before Ram and insists that he cannot change his nature and become shallow to allow Rama’s armies to pass.
“…...I will make arrangements for the Vaanaraas to get across me. I will provide a place and hold it (from being washed off). While the army is crossing, the crocodiles would not attack them.”
He instead points out that ram’s army has the son of the great Vishwakarma (the great engineer) himself who can build the bridge,
“Oh the gentle soul, there is one Vaanara in your army named Nala, the son of Vishwa Karma. The prosperous one was granted boons by his father and is equal to Vishwa Karma. May that highly enthusiastic one build a bridge on me! I will hold it. He is as skillful as his father!”
How the bridge was constructed was described in Sarga 22 itself. Here is a short description of the construction of the bridge.
“Then deputed by Ram, hundreds and thousands of the best of the Vaanaraas, flew in the direction of large forests enthusiastically. The strongest of the animals of the tree branches, broke cliffs of mountains and large trees and brought many boulders and trees near to the sea. The Vaanaraas filled the sea with the trees of Saal, Ashwa Karna, Dhana, bamboo, Kutaja, Arjuna, Indian palm, Thilaka, Thinisa, Bilwa, Saptha Prna, KarniKaara in bloom, mango and Ashoka. The best of the Vaanaraas brought some trees along with their roots and some without their roots carrying them like the flagpoles of Indra. From different places they brought the trees of Indian palm. coconut, Vibheethaka, Kareera, Vakula and Neem and bushes of pomegranate.
Next hint to the authenticity of the bridge comes from these lines
“ The bridge built by Nala on the sea abode to crocodiles was looking like the path of the star constellation of Swathi in the sky.”
This gives us hint about the bridge’s shape , the picture of the Sethu looks like that of a star constellation in the sky. Hindus have 27 star constellations. Each constellation consists of multiple stars. It is not a single star. When we connect all the stars in the constellation with imaginary lines, the constellation gets a shape. The star constellation of Swathi looks more or less like a squiggly straight line just as the Setu looks from the sky
Here is a picture of the Sethu taken from the space.
Modern day cities and countries mentioned in Raamayana
Cities like Sri Lanka, Germany, Karachi, Switzerland, Russia, Australia, Indonesia, Sumatra and Europe
Kishkindha Kaanda, Sargaas 40 to43 describes the geography of the enitre earth. Sugreeva deputes his army in all the four directions in search of Seetha and narrates the geography to guide his commanders on what to expect. While the cities have changed and their names have changed most of the mountains and rivers more o less remained excepting a few that became totally extinct. The sea levels rose about five thousand years ago and ate up a large portion of the west coast of India. Still some of the geographical resemblances are very uncanny.
In Sarga 40, Yava Dweepa was mentioned and notice the resemblance to the present day Java of Indonesia. Meru mountain was mentioned ,mountain by that name in Kenya, Africa.
In Sarga 41, a mountain by name Malaya was mentioned from which the present day Malaysia derives its name. It also mentions Rushabha mountains that resemble a bovine-bull. Such mountains are in Australia.
In Sarga 42, the place of confluence of river Sindhu with the sea was mentioned. Now Karachi is close to that place. Then beyond Karachi, Paari Yaatra mountains were mentioned which are in present day Afghanistan, being called as Hindu Kush (Hindu Killer) mountains. It is mentioned that the cliffs of those mountains shine in golden hue. Then in the same Sarga a city by name PraagJyotisha was mentioned. This could be Prague of Check Republic. Then close to it, a mountain SarvaSouvarna sporting many waterfalls, and streams. A mountain named Megha was mentioned to be close to Sarva Souvarnamountain. It was stated that Indira was consecrated as the King of Devathaas at that place. Close to the place of Indra, it was mentioned that there were sixty thousand golden hills. This description fits Alps mountains in summer.
In 43rd Sarga of Kishkindha Kaanda, Krouncha Dweepa was mentioned. It is generally accepted that it is North America. In fact when pujas are performed in USA, our priests name the continent as Krouncha Dweepa in place of Jambu Dweepa in India. In the same Sarga the names of Mlecha which is accepted as Egypt, Cheena accepted as Tibet and ParamaCheena accepted as mainland China,, Shaka Jana or Saxons, Bahleeka accepted as Russia, Belarus, Neehara meaning icy place which could be Siberia were mentioned.
Much more detail can be found in those four Sargas. Names of countless rivers, places and mountains were mentioned. I could not place them in present day geography and some research is needed as to what the ancient names for the places were. How many of us know that Switzerland is actually Helvetia or Germany is Deutschland?
The country Kekaya was mentioned which is at a distance of 3 to 4 days of non-stop travel by horse back. It is generally accepted that it in the Caucasus mountains which are between Black Sea and Caspian Sea.
To read more on Central Asia's Ramayan connection please click here
Finding of Ram Chapel in Iraq here
Sundara Kaanda makes extensive mention of air planes that can fly. In Yudh Kaanda mentions Raakshasaas crisscrossing the sea multiple times and we need to understand that they ought to be using air planes to cross the sea so easily and quickly. The word Vimana (meaning air plane) was mentioned in the Raamayana more than 150 times, especially in the Sundara Kaanda and Yudha Kaanda. Some people argue that the word Vimana has to be interpreted as the roof of the house or temple which is usually in the shape of a prism. But the fact that the Pushpaka Vimana flew Ram and his retinue back to Ayodhya after the battle confirms that Vimana was used for air travel. In Sundara Kaanda Sarga 54, Sloka 24 (in the version published by Geetha Press, Gorakhpur) in which the burning of Lanka by Hanumaan was described in detail mentions separately that the Vimanas were burning. (The translation - Those burnt air planes fell to the ground like the abodes of sky-resident Siddhas whose Punya (antonym of sin) was expended.)
If they were roofs of the houses, it would have been adequate to mention that the houses were burning. There was no need to mention the roof separately. In Sarga 5 of Sundara Kaanda it was stated that many houses had air planes obtained by performing penance to Siddhas. This would not be mentioned so if the Vimana was referring to roofs of the houses. In Sarga 104, it was mentioned that Devathaas, Gandharvaas and others astride air planes were watching the battle keenly. So, it was very clear that during the period of Raamayana, there were air planes.
To find more such interesting facts read Murali Chemuturi’s book “Raamayana of Maha Rushi Vaalmiki”